Electrolyte imbalances can occur when the levels of electrolytes in the body become too high or too low. This can happen due to a variety of factors, including illness, dehydration, and medication use. Electrolyte imbalances can cause a variety of symptoms, including fatigue, muscle cramps, and confusion. In severe cases, electrolyte imbalances can be life-threatening.
|Sodium||Maintains blood volume, blood pressure, and fluid balance||Inverse relationship with potassium||Hyponatremia: low sodium levels, can cause confusion, seizures, and coma|
|Potassium||Maintains heart and muscle contraction||Inverse relationship with sodium||Hypokalemia: low potassium levels, can cause muscle weakness, fatigue, and arrhythmias|
|Magnesium||Helps muscle cells relax after contracting||Positive relationship with calcium||Hypomagnesemia: low magnesium levels, can cause muscle weakness, fatigue, and confusion|
|Calcium||Aids in blood clotting, muscle contraction, and bone strength||Positive relationship with magnesium||Hypocalcemia: low calcium levels, can cause muscle cramps, tingling, and tetany|